Banjara – Beed and Osmanabad
The Banjara are a community usually described as nomadic people from the north-western belt of the Indian Subcontinent but now found in other areas of India also. Banjara art form is rich and includes performance arts such as dance and music to folk and plastic arts such as rangoli, textile embroidering, tattooing and printing. The Banjara embroidery and tattooing are especially prized and also form a significant aspect of the Banjara identity. The products made involve bright colours, mirror and coins to decorate clothing or to make accessories.
In Maharashtra, Banjaras are predominantly present in two villages, Beed and Osmanabad. Self-help groups have been established in these villages.
|SHG Name:||Baburao Mahila Bachatgat||Aadya Banjara Mahila Kala Kendra|
|Rajiv Gandhi Mahila Bachatgat|
These women have been making products like coin and metal jewellery, mirror embroidered bags, embroidered borders and patches since establishment of the SHGs in 2010. The issues with existing products is that, even though they are very attractive, the embroidery is usually overdone and does not sell very well. The focus of trainings was creating of products that would use the art form sparingly on products and teach the women the concept of “Less is more”.
In the course of the trainings, our trainers realised that the women were not costing their products correctly. They would calculate the cost of raw materials for making a products, add a small amount of profit to it and obtain the selling price. The labour cost was not accounted for at all. Each piece of mirror takes about 4 hours to embroider onto the cloth and some meter long borders take almost a month to make. All of this time and labour is unaccounted for in their pricing. Customers do not understand the effort that goes into making a mirror work fabric. Our trainers have not only helped them diversify the products they make, but also helped them realise their effort and how to reward themselves for the effort they put in their products
Products Made: Jewellery, Coasters, Scrubbers
Terracotta is a clay-like earthenware ceramic that can be either glazed or unglazed. In addition to being used for flower pots, terracotta is also often used for water and sewage pipes, bricks, and sculptures. Terracotta can be easily sculpted into all sorts of shapes. To harden terracotta, it must be heated to between 530-1100° C. Once it hardens, it is still a bit porous, which means it can be penetrated by water. However, a simple coat of glaze can make terracotta water tight. The women in Wardha have formed an SHG called Wardhini Seva Sangh. It was established in 2010 and started with merely 40 women. Today as many as 150 women are a part of Wardhini Seva Sangh in the various products such as paper, bags, stitching and terracotta. All products made by the women of Wardhini Seva Sangh are sold under an umbrella brand called Wardhini. There are two outlets of Wardhini, one in Wardha and the other in Nagpur. In their training through the Disha project, they were taught to make products other than jewellery, expand creative thinking, improve colour combination, use now techniques to create textures on the surface of the products.
Products Made: Handbags, Pouches, Tablet Covers
The women in Wardha belong to an SHG called Wardhini Seva Sangh. It was established in 2010 and started with merely 40 women. Today as many as 150 women are a part of Wardhini Seva Sangh in the various products such as paper, bags, stitching and terracotta. All products made by the women of Wardhini Seva Sangh are sold under an umbrella brand called Wardhini. There are two outlets of Wardhini, one in Wardha and the other in Nagpur. The women working on bags were trained to use different fabrics like ikat and leather to recreate existing designs or to make new designs like tablet cases, pouches, etc.